Which country gets 99 percent of its energy from renewable sources?

And the answer: Costa Rica.    
Photo credit: Careyjamesbalboa

Costa Rica uses five renewable sources to generate more than 99% of its electricity: hydropower, wind, geothermal, biomass, and solar energy. Despite a landmass that covers only 0.03% of the planet, Costa Rica is home to more than 5% of the world’s species biodiversity. The National Geographic has called Costa Rica “the most biologically intense place on Earth.”

After abolishing their military in 1949, Costa Rica began investing in renewable energy, education, health care and pensions. As a result, in 2012 the island nation was ranked 1st in the world's Happiest Countries (a metric you probably didn't know existed until now). Ultimately, Costa Ricans find that the effort to protect and preserve the some 500,000 species of wildlife native to the island is a worthwhile effort. In fact, 25% of Costa Rican land is devoted to wildlife conservation, with 12 ecological zones and over 100 national parks.

There are also a number of established institutions in Costa Rica dedicated to the protection of a single species or animal. For example, the Ostional Wildlife Refuge protects millions of turtles that nest on the island each year. Established in 1984 to prevent the poaching of turtle eggs, the Refuge has become one of the two most important nesting areas in the world for the Olive Ridley turtle.

Located along the Pacific Ring of Fire, Costa Rica is also home to around 200 volcanic rock formations. Although only around 100 of these volcanoes show any signs of activity (and only 5 are considered active), the geological formations date back over 65 million years. Many of the high mountains and rocky terrain in Costa Rica are the result of this historic volcanic activity.

Learn more about stunning Costa Rica below.

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