In science, DNA is an abbreviation of which longer term?
And the answer: deoxyribonucleic acid.
DNA is a molecule containing the biological instructions for the cells of animals, plants, and microscopic organisms. This genetic code is what makes each species unique. Children inherit their DNA from their parents, which is why they often share traits such as skin, hair, and eye color.
DNA is a molecule, or a bunch of atoms stuck together, and serves as the blueprint for the composition of life around us each and every day. The order in which the chemicals of DNA arrange themselves is first in a series of determinate characteristics that eventually culminate in the composition of things like organs and bones. DNA tells amino acids, also known as the building blocks of life, which shape to take to form a specific protein. Proteins then come together to form living cells, which form tissue, which come together create essential bodily machines such as organs.
Did you know?
Of the three million base pairs in the human genome, only .1% are unique to each given individual. This means, technically speaking, every human's DNA is 99.9% identical! For comparison, our DNA is 98.7% the same as primates such as chimpanzees and bonobos. In conclusion: evolutionary difference who?
Check out the video below to learn more.