The 1848 pamphlet known as The Communist Manifesto was written in which language?
And the answer: German.
Written by German philosophers Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, The Communist Manifesto discusses the nature of society and politics. It includes the famous sentence, "The history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggles."
In 1847, when Engels and Marx began writing the Communist Manifesto, Socialism and Communism were not yet clearly defined concepts. Philosophers and politicians each had their own ideas about what the terms meant, and each sought to address the problems brought about by a fully blooming Capitalist society. The most prominent understanding shared by those interrogating the subject was that it sought to go beyond the status quo, or the present state of things. Thus, Engels and Marx set out to define just what it meant to go beyond the status quo.
As opposed to laying out grand principles of eternal truth and universal morality upon which the future society shall be constructed, Marx and Engels use the Manifesto to point out that in order to accurately understand what comes next, one must understand how and why human societies have changed in the past. From this notion comes the famous quote above— a fundamental principal of their idea of Historical Materialism. The conflict of material interests between classes, they argue, has no resolution under the current order.
Learn more about the Communist Manifesto here.