The Brandenburg Gate

Completed in 1791, the Brandenburg Gate is located in which European city?

And the answer: Berlin.

The Brandenburg Gate is an 18th century monument in Berlin, built on the orders of King Frederick William II of Prussia. One of the best-known landmarks of Germany, it was built on the site of a former city gate, which marked the start of the road from Berlin to the town of Brandenburg an der Havel.

The Brandenburg Gate has served as a historic site of political power and propaganda. In 1933, Hitler and other high-ranking members of the Nazi party celebrated victory over the chancellorship by processing under the famous gates. It was the first of many large-scale propaganda events by the Nazis. After the war, working on restoring its damages was one of the last unified efforts by East and West Berlin authorities. Soon after, the wall was erected and the Brandenburg Gate belonged to East Berlin. This site became famous for presidential speeches, protest, and music performances by advocates for a unified Berlin.

Resting atop this famous gate is an equally notable statue: a goddess of victory commonly referred to as the "Quadriga". This statue has been taken down on a number of pivotal moments in German history. The first dismantling occurred during Napoleon's reign of power, where the new emperor ordered the statue to be taken down and shipped away as a mark of his influence. However, with the quick crumbling of his empire, Napoleon lost sight of the statue and it remained in storage until 1814. It wasn't until Paris fell to Prussian powers that the Quadriga was discovered and returned to rest atop Berlin's famous gate. The second dismantling occurred during the Communist era. In the end, the Quadriga wasn't permanently installed until 1990.

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