Lima, Peru

Which city is the capital of Peru?

And the answer: Lima.    

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Overlooking the Pacific Ocean, Lima is one of the largest cities in North and South America, with a population of 9 million people. The city is home to the oldest continuously operating university in the Americas, the National University of San Marcos, which was founded in 1551.

Hailed as the gastronomic capital of Latin America, Lima is known throughout the world for its delicacies. Home to the birthplace of ceviche, Lima's costal wonders and unique cultural heritage set it apart from most other Peruvian and Latin American cities alike. In fact, a third of Peru's population call Lima home.

Due to Peru's geographical positioning along the Ring of Fire, volcanic activity and earthquakes frequent the region. Lima has been threatened and even destroyed by earthquake activity on several occasions, including a 1746 quake that all but leveled the city and destroyed its port. According to the Country Studies website, there have been more than 70 significant earthquakes in Peru since 1568, or one every six years.

While the shifting of tectonic plates can mean danger for this coastal city, it is also responsible for one of Peru's most notable features: the Andean mountain range. Peruvian history and culture is deeply rooted in the Andes Mountains, which still houses some of the most awe-inspiring sites of human accomplishment (see: Machu Picchu). Ancient civilizations such as the Inca can still be experienced in the indigenous life and culture of the region today.

While Lima offers uniquely delicious food, gorgeous sites and indigenous heritage, the entirety of this Latin American nation has intrigue to spare. Learn more about Lima, Peru below.

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