Ljubljana, Slovenia

Which country's capital is the city of Ljubljana?

And the answer: Slovenia.    

Located in central Europe, Slovenia was part of Yugoslavia for most of the 20th century. When Slovenia gained its independence in 1991, Ljubljana became the national capital. The city is known for its picturesque surroundings, and a medieval castle that dates back to the 12th century.

Image: Britannica.com

Although Ljubljana has only been the capital of Slovenia since 1991, the history of this region dates back much further. In the mid-1st century, a walled Roman encampment was built by Roman legionnaires and developed into the settlement of Emona, though the area had been settled earlier by the Veneti, the Illyrians, and the Celts, beginning in about 1000 BCE. In a strategic location for trade and commerce, the city was destroyed by Attila the Hun in the mid-5th century. It wasn't until the Slovene Slavic tribes, migrating westward, rebuilt it in the 12th century. It was then that the city's name was recorded first as Laibach (1144) and then as Luvigana (1146). Finally, it gained city rights in 1220.

Photo credit: Miran Rebrec. 

Today, nearly 300,000 people call Ljubljana home. The city is small and walkable— much of the center city is pedestrianized so that tourists and residents alike may walk streets filled with the tables and umbrellas of the many cafes, bars, and restaurants. The friendly communities and converging architecture make the city an ideal and relaxed spot to learn more about Slovene culture, such as with the famous Cathedral of St. Nicholas.

Learn more about this historic and beautiful city below.

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