Which of the following historical sites was considered one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World?
Considering the Lighthouse of Alexandria, Leaning Tower of Pisa, Parthenon, and Empire State Building, the answer is: the Lighthouse of Alexandria.
Built by Mediterranean and Middle Eastern empires of their day, the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World were monuments of human achievement. They include the Lighthouse of Alexandria, the Statue of Zeus, the Temple of Artemis, the Mausoleum of Halicarnassus, the Colossus of Rhodes, the Hanging Gardens of Babylon, and the Great Pyramid of Giza.
Although it has since fallen, the Lighthouse of Alexandria is a colossal achievement in human history. Estimated at around 330-430 feet, the structure was considered one of (if not the) tallest man-made creations in the world. It jutted out over the Mediterranean in the Egyptian city of Alexandria, and was a beacon for sailors coming to port.
As one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, the Lighthouse of Alexandria exists among the world's oldest awe-inspiring sites. Although the list in its current form did not stabilize until the Renaissance, the first such lists of seven wonders date from the 2nd–1st century BCE. A group of various Greek authors created the original list of Seven Wonders in guidebooks and poems that eventually coalesced through their collaboration. The original list has inspired innumerable replications and variations through the ages.
The Lighthouse of Alexandria was by no means the first lighthouse in existence, but it was certainly the most impressive. It was built sometime in the 3rd century BCE, and was funded by Egyptian King Ptolemy. While it helped safely harbor ships to port, the massive structure was also a symbol of prestige for the growing city of Alexandria.
Learn more about the historic accomplishment of human manpower below.