In terms of population, which Central American country is the largest?

And the answer: Guatemala.

Photo credit: © SL Photography / Getty Images. 

With 16 million people, Guatemala is the most populous country in Central America. Almost half of the country's population is under the age of 19, making it the youngest population in all of Latin America.  

From turquoise seas to monumental volcanoes, Central America has more than a few sights to behold. Central America spans seven countries (eight if you count Mexico), including Panama, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Honduras, El Salvador, Guatemala, and Belize. The stretch of land which comprises these nations is a thin border that separates the Pacific Ocean from the Caribbean Sea. In fact, there is no location in Central America that is more distant than 125 miles from the sea.

Image credit: Geology.com

The biomes found in the region are vastly varying, yet all unboundedly beautiful. Volcanic cones – some of which are still active today – shape the mountain ridges and plateaus found throughout most of the region. As a result, fertile soil collects from the weathered volcanic lava, and the areas are often rich with tropical biodiversity. Meanwhile, tropical rainforests occupy most of the lowlands.

While most Central Americans today are of mixed Spanish ancestry, indigenous culture still thrives in pockets throughout the land. The Miskito, Sumo, Rama, and other tribes on the Nicaraguan and Honduran Caribbean shores continue to call the region home, while descendants of Mayan ancestry continue to influence Central American culture. In modern-day Mexico and Central America, around 5 million people speak some 70 Maya languages, and most of them are bilingual in Spanish.

Learn more about the history and culture of this ancient region here, and check out the video below for some gorgeous sights.


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