Which country was established on December 30, 1922?
And the answer: Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (U.S.S.R.).
In 1922, after the Russian Revolution, the U.S.S.R. was formed, consisting of a confederation of Russia, Belorussia, Ukraine, and the Transcaucasian Federation. In the decades that followed, the Soviet Union grew into one of the most powerful and influential countries in the world, before dissolving into separate nations in 1991.
The U.S.S.R. played a crucial role in global politics. During its 69 years of history, the Soviet Union was the largest country on Earth, stretching from the Baltic Sea in the west to the Pacific Ocean in the east. With the world's longest coastline and frontiers on the planet, the U.S.S.R. contained a wide array of cultures and people groups. Over 130 languages were spoken across the country, and there were over 100 different ethnic groups.
Although diverse in composition, the U.S.S.R. brought with it a heavy, centralized rule. Communism represented the one-party state in the Union, and was run by the Politburo — a coalition of 12 to 15 members, including the chair of the U.S.S.R. Meanwhile, the economy was also under the control of the state, who determined which goods were created and how much they would cost. Many decisions were based off of five year plans that set targets for consumption and creation in the Soviet Union.
Following the unrest of the early 20th century in Russia, the people were eager for change. When Lenin came calling after World War I, equipped with the slogan "Peace, love and bread," his Communist ideals quickly gained popularity and won his place as leader of the early U.S.S.R. Eventually, Stalin stepped in to take his place – followed by Nikita Khrushchev and Leonid Brezhnev – and finally Mikhail Gorbachev led the Soviet Union to its dissolution in 1991.
Editor's note: Yes, we just gave you the Cliff Notes version of what was a complicated several decades of Russia's history. But you can learn more about the history of the Soviet Union in the video below.